Test TOEFL Structure and Written Expression Online Gratis

Test TOEFL Structure and Written Expression Online Gratis

Structure and Written Expression

Time: 25 minutes
This section tests your ability to recognize grammar and usage suitable for standard written English. This section is divided into two parts, each with its own directions.


Directions:  Items in this part are incomplete sentences. Following each of these sentences, there are four words or phrases. You should select the one word or phrase-(A), (B), (C), or (D)-that best completes the sentence. Then fill in the space on your answer sheet that matches the letter of the answer that you have selected.

Example I
Pepsin __ an enzyme used in digestion.
(A) that
(B) is
(C) of
(D) being

Sample Answer
This sentence should properly read “Pepsin is an enzyme used in digestion.” You should fill in (B) on your answer sheet.

Example II
__ large natural lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
(A) There are no
(B) Not the
(C) It is not
(D) No

Sample Answer
This sentence should properly read “No large natural lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.” You should fill in (D) on your answer sheet.

As soon as you understand the directions, begin work on this part.

1. Sharp knives are actually safer to use ___
(A) as dull ones
(B) as ones that are dull
(C) than dull ones
(D) that are dull ones

2. Daniel Webster, Thaddeus Stevens, and many others __ prominent in public life began their careers by teaching school.
(A) they became
(B) once they became
(C) became
(D) who became

3. As coal mines became deeper, the problems of draining water, bringing in fresh air, and __ to the surface increased.
(A) transporting ore
(B) to transport ore
(C) how ore is transported
(D) ore is transporting

4. ____because of the complexity of his writing, Henry James never became a popular writer, but his works are admired by critics and other writers.
(A) It may be
(B) Perhaps
(C) Besides
(D) Why is it

5. Piedmont glaciers are formed____several valley glaciers join and spread out over a plain.
(A) by
(B) when
(C) from
(D) that

6. As late as 1890, Key West, with a population of 18,000____Florida’s largest city.
(A) that was
(B) to be
(C) was
(D) it was

7. A mastery of calculus depends on ____ of algebra.
(A) an understanding
(B) is understood
(C) to understand
(D) understand

8. ____he was not a musician himself, Lawrence Hammond developed an electronic keyboard instrument called the Hammond organ.
(A) Although
(B) That
(C) Despite
(D) For

9. Agnes De Mille’s landmark musical play Oklahoma! was __ of story, music, and dance.
(A) successfully combined
(B) a successful combination
(C) to combine successfully
(D) successful combining

10.___ single dialect of American English has ever become dominant.
(A) No
(B) Not only a
(C) Not
(D) Nor a

11. In 1837 the University of Michigan became the first state university ___ by a board of regents elected by the voters of the state.
(A) under the control
(B) it was controlled
(C) being controlled
(D) to be controlled

12. Indoor heating systems have made___ for people to live and work comfortably in temperate climates.
(A) it is possible
(B) possible
(C) it possible
(D) possibly

13. Certain fish eggs contain droplets of oil, _______ to float on the surface of the water.
(A) allowing them
(B) allows them
(C) they are allowed
(D) this allows them

14. Considered America’s first great architect______.
(A) many of the buildings at Harvard University were designed by Henry Hobson Richardson
(B) Henry Hobson Richardson designed many of the buildings at Harvard University
(C) Harvard University has many buildings that were designed by Henry Hobson Richardson
 (D) it was Henry Hobson Richardson who designed many of the buildings at Harvard University

15. _______is caused by a virus was not known until 1911.
 (A) That measles
(B) As measles
(C) Measles
(D) What if measles

Written Expression

Directions: The items in this part have four underlined words or phrases, (A), (B), (C), and (D).
You must identify the one underlined expression that must be changed for the sentence to be correct. Then find the number of the question on your answer sheet and fill in the space corresponding to the letter.

Example I
Lenses may to have either concave or convex shapes.
A = to have
B = concave
C = or
D = shapes   
This sentence should read “Lenses may have either concave or convex shapes.” You should therefore select answer (A).

Example II
When painting a fresco, an artist is applied paint directly to the damp plaster of a wall.
A = When
B = is applied
C = directly
D = of a wall  
This sentence should read “When painting a fresco, an artist applies paint directly to the damp plaster of a wall.” You should therefore select answer (B).

 As soon as you understand the directions, begin work on this section.

16. Dreams are commonly   made up of    either     visual    and   verbal images.  
A = commonly
B = made up of    
C = either
D = verbal images

17. The Yale Daily News is oldest than any other college newspaper still   in operation in the United States.                                                          
A = oldest than
B = other
C = still
D = in operation

18. Mary Rinehart was a pioneer   in the field of journalist   in the early twentieth century.
A = a pioneer
B = in the field
C = journalist
D = in the early

19. The Dave Brubek Quartet, one of the most popular jazz bands of the 1950’s, had a particularly loyal following on campuses college.
A = the most popular
B = particularly
C =  following
D = campuses college

20. In the architecture, a capital is the top portion of a column.
A = In the
B = a capital
C = the top
D = column

21. Today, successful farmers are experts not only in agriculture, but also in market, finance, and accounting.
A = agriculture
B = but also
C = market
D = accounting

22. In the early days of jet development, jet engines used great numbers of fuel.
A = early
B = used
C = numbers
D = fuel

23. Georgia has too many types of soil that virtually any temperate-zone crop can be grown there.
A = too
B = soil
C = virtually
D = there

24. The sum of all chemical reactions in an organism’s living cells are called its metabolism.
A = all
B = an organism’s
C = are
D = its

25. River transportation in the United States consists  primarily of barges pull by towboats.
A = transportation
B = consists
C = primarily
D = pull

26. Most modern barns are both insulated, ventilated, and equipped with   electricity.
A = Most modern
B = both insulated
C = equipped with
D = electricity

27. Many bridges in New England were covered with wooden roofs to protect it from rain and snow.
A = Many
B = were covered
C = it
D = rain and snow

28. It is their nearly perfect crystal structure that gives diamonds their hardness, brilliance, and transparent.
A = nearly perfect
B = that gives
C = hardness
D = transparent

29. Needles are simple-looking tools, but they are very relatively diffIcult to make. 
A = simple-looking
B = but
C = very relatively
D = to make

30. Ducks are less susceptible to infection   than   another types of poultry.
A = less
B = to infection
C = than
D = another

31. Unlike competitive running, in contact with the ground race walkers must always keep some portion of their feet in contact with the ground.
A = Unlike
B = running
C = their
D = in contact with

32. One of the most beautiful botanical gardens in the United States is the wildly and lovely Magnolia Gardens near Charleston, South Carolina.
A = most beautiful
B = gardens
C = wildly
D = near

33. Composer John Cage used many unusual objects as instrument in his music, including cowbells, flower pots, tin cans, and saw blades.
A = unusual
B = instrument
C = including
D = tin cans

34. Woody Guthrie wrote thousands of songs during the lifetime, many of which became classic folk songs.
A = thousands
B = the lifetime
C = which
D = folk songs

35. Runner Wilma Rudolph win three gold medals at the 1960 Olympics, and she set the world record for the 100-meter dash in 1961.
A = win
B = at the 1960
C = she set
D = world record

36. Some critics have called Theodore Dreiser’s book Sister Carrie a first modern novel because it broke so many traditions.
A = have called
B = a first
C = because
D = so many

37. Abigail Adams’ letters to her husband present a graphic picture of the age which she lived.
A = letters
B =  her
C =  a graphic   
D = age which

38. Viscosity is a measurement describing the relative difficulty or easy with which liquids flow.
A = describing
B = relative   
C = easy
D = with which

39. More than 10,000 years ago, glaciers moved across the Minnesota region four time, leveling most of the land.
A = More than
B = moved
C = time
D = most of

40.  The  discover of gold and silver in the rugged mountains of Nevada in 1858 attracted many fortune-seekers to that area.
A = discover
B = mountains
C = attracted
D = to that area


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